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ASTI DATA IN FOCUS
Syria

Data sources

Primary data were collected through one institutional survey round in 2004-2005 (under the ASTI initiative) and additional secondary data from Al-Ahmad et al. (1999). www.icarda.cgiar.org/NARS/Syria.pdf

See also Beintema, Jamal, and Mohammad (2006). www.icarda.cgiar.org/NARS/Syria.pdf

Estimation procedures

  • For a number of agencies, research staff and expenditure data were missing for certain years. These have been interpolated or in a few cases extrapolated.
  • Expenditures for the higher-education agencies are estimates based on the average expenditures per researcher for the government agencies.

For general ASTI data procedures and methodology, please visit www.asti.cgiar.org/methodology.


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ASTI DATA IN FOCUS
Morocco

Data sources

Primary data were collected through one institutional survey round in 2004-2005 (under the ASTI initiative) and additional secondary data from Besri, Kamal, and El Mourid (1999). www.icarda.cgiar.org/NARS/Morocco.pdf

See also Stads and Kissi (2005). www.asti.cgiar.org/pdf/MOROCCO_CB27.pdf

Estimation procedures

  • For a number of agencies, research staff and expenditure data were missing for certain years. These have been interpolated or in a few cases extrapolated.
  • Expenditures for the higher-education agencies are estimates based on the average expenditures per researcher for the government agencies.

For general ASTI data procedures and methodology, please visit www.asti.cgiar.org/methodology.


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ASTI DATA IN FOCUS
Jordan

Data sources

Primary data were collected through one institutional survey round in 2004-2005 (under the ASTI initiative) and additional secondary data from Taimeh and Sunna (1999). www.icarda.cgiar.org/NARS/Jordan.PDF

See also Beintema, Fardous, and Alrusheidat (2006). www.asti.cgiar.org/pdf/Jordan_CB36.pdf

Estimation procedures

  • For a number of agencies, research staff and expenditure data were missing for certain years. These have been interpolated or in a few cases extrapolated.
  • Expenditures for the higher-education agencies are estimates based on the average expenditures per researcher for the government agencies.

For general ASTI data procedures and methodology, please visit www.asti.cgiar.org/methodology.


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ASTI DATA IN FOCUS
Iran

Data sources

Primary data were collected through one institutional survey round in 2004-2006 (under the ASTI initiative).

See also Stads, Roozitalab, Beintema, and Aghajani (2008). www.asti.cgiar.org/pdf/IranCR.pdf

Estimation procedures

  • For a number of agencies, research staff and expenditure data were missing for certain years. These have been interpolated or in a few cases extrapolated.
  • Expenditures for the higher-education agencies are estimates based on the average expenditures per researcher for the government agencies.

For general ASTI data procedures and methodology, please visit www.asti.cgiar.org/methodology.


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