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Paraguay

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PRY
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Paraguay
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Paraguay
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IPTA

Paraguay: ASTI–IPTA Ficha Técnica -Indicadores de I+D Agropecuario

El gasto en I+D agropecuario nacional se duplicó durante el período 2006–2013. Sin embargo, el país aún ostenta uno de los más bajos ratios de intensidad de I+D agropecuaria en la región. Paraguay depende en gran medida de tecnologías desarrolladas en el extranjero, principalmente en Brasil y Argentina.

El número total de investigadores agropecuarios casi se duplicó entre 2006 y 2013 como resultado de la creación de IPTA en 2010 y una mayor participación del sector de la educación superior en I+D agropecuario.

Autores: 
Gert-Jan Stads, Sandra Perez, Justo López y Nienke Beintema
Ano: 
2016
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Publisher: 
Instituto Internacional de Investigaciones sobre Políticas Alimentarias e Instituto Paraguayo de Tecnología Agropecuaria
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Paraguay: ASTI–IPTA Country Factsheet

ASTI publicaiton cover

Authors:
Gert-Jan Stads, Sandra Perez, Justo López, and Nienke Beintema

Year:
2016

Publisher
International Food Policy Research Institute and Paraguayan Institute of Agricultural Technology

Publication category

Latin America and the Caribbean

Related country page(s)
Paraguay

National agricultural R&D spending doubled during 2006–2013. Nonetheless, the country still has one of the lowest agricultural R&D intensity ratios in the region. Paraguay relies heavily on technologies generated elsewhere—mainly in Brazil and Argentina.

The total number of agricultural researchers almost doubled between 2006 and 2013 as a result of the 2010 establishment of IPTA and increased involvement in agricultural R&D by the higher education sector.

Despite recent capacity increases, Paraguay’s pool of PhD-qualified agricultural researchers is among the lowest in South America.

Paraguay

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Paraguay

  • La capacidad total de I&D agropecuario se contrajo sensiblemente durante el período 1991?2006.
  • El gasto en I&D agropecuario aumentó de forma más desigual pero se ha ido incrementando en los últimos años gracias principalmente al mayor apoyo del BID a la investigación universitaria y a la separación de SENAVE del MAG, lo que provocó un mayor financiamiento para los ensayos con semillas y productos agroquímicos realizados por la DIA
  • El I&D agropecuario está financiado en gran medida por el gobierno nacional y por recursos generados internamente.
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Paraguay: ASTI Cuaderno de país

En 2006, Paraguay empleaba solamente a 128 investigadores ETC e invertía $13 millones (en precios PPP de 2005) en investigación agropecuaria. En comparación con sus vecinos de MERCOSUR, las inversiones y la capacidad de investigación agropecuaria de Paraguay son muy inferiores.

Autores: 
Stads, Gert-Jan; Santander, Víctor
Ano: 
2008
Cover image: 
Publisher: 
Instituto Internacional de Investigaciones sobre Políticas Alimentarias (IFPRI)
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Paraguay: ASTI Country Brief

ASTI publicaiton cover

Authors:
Stads , Gert-Jan; Santander, Víctor

Year:
2008

Publisher
International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)

Publication category

Latin America and the Caribbean

Related country page(s)
Paraguay

In 2006, Paraguay employed just 128 fte researchers and spent $13 million (in 2005 PPP prices) on agricultural research. The country compares very unfavorably to its MERCOSUR neighbors when it comes to agricultural research capacity and investments. Paraguay has experienced a steady decline in agricultural researcher totals since the early 1990s; it has one of the lowest shares of agricultural R&D staff with PhD degrees in the world; and its agricultural R&D investments as a share of agricultural GDP are five to seven times lower than those in neighboring Argentina and Brazil.

Many of the weaknesses above can be ascribed to the relatively late establishment of an official S&T structure, a lack of political will to invest in agricultural R&D, and a widespread reliance on technologies generated elsewhere—mainly in Brazil and Argentina. Numerous changes within MAG over the past year have caused various delays in the establishment of IPTA, the long awaited national agricultural research institute. Paraguay is unique among its MERCOSUR neighbors in that it lacks such a national agricultural research institute. This has created a climate in which the higher education sector (mainly UNA) is the strongest component of the national  agricultural research system.

Nevertheless, increased IDB support for the development of science, technology, and innovation as well as the Paraguayan government’s recent approval for the creation of IPTA are signs that change may be on the horizon. With the creation of IPTA, agricultural R&D in Paraguay is expected to receive a boost in funding (through various mechanisms), but exactly how much remains a question of speculation. Paraguay currently depends too much for its principal export crops on R&D carried out by
its neighbors. The new IPTA, therefore, has the important role of focusing on research that will increase the value of Paraguay’s agricultural products and thus make Paraguay’s competitive position stronger in a global market.

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