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Mexico

ISO: 
MEX
Hide on Benchmarking: 
0
French: 
Mexique
Spanish: 
México
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No
Hide on Data Download: 
No
DMP_ID: 
75
ASTI-Country: 
1
Main Agency Acronym(s): 
INIFAP

Datos ASTI forma parte de una aplicación para dispositivos móviles en Mexico

Actualmente Mexico se encuentra en proceso una colaboración con el Sistema de Información Agropecuaria y Pesquera de la Secretaria de Agricultura, Ganaderia, Desarollo Rural, Pesca, y Alimentacion (SAGARPA) para incorporar datos de paquetes tecnológicos en una aplicación para dispositivos móviles.  

Mexico: ASTI–INIFAP Ficha Técnica -Indicadores de I+D Agropecuario

El sistema de investigación mexicano es uno de los más grandes de Latinoamérica en términos de capacidad y gasto. Una cuarta parte de los investigadores están empleados en el INIFAP, la principal agencia de investigación agropecuaria del país.

Del 2006 al 2013 el gasto en I+D agropecuario en México aumentó en un 20 por ciento debido al crecimiento en el sector de la educación superior. Sin embargo, entre el 2009 y 2013 el crecimiento disminuyó por 1 por ciento.

Autores: 
Kathleen Flaherty, Sandra Perez, Venancio Cuevas-Reyes y Georgel Moctezuma López
Ano: 
2016
Cover image: 
Publisher: 
Instituto Internacional de Investigaciones sobre Políticas Alimentarias e Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Forestales, Agrícolas y Pecuarias
Publication Region: 
Countries: 
Language: 

Mexico: ASTI–INIFAP Country Factsheet

ASTI publicaiton cover

Authors:
Kathleen Flaherty, Sandra Perez, Venancio Cuevas-Reyes, and Georgel Moctezuma López

Year:
2016

Publisher

Publication category

Latin America and the Caribbean

Related country page(s)
Mexico

Mexico’s research system is one of the largest in Latin America in terms of capacity and spending. One-quarter of researchers are employed at INIFAP, the country’s principal agricultural research agency.

During 2006–2013, agricultural R&D spending rose by 20 percent due to growth in the higher education sector. Between 2009 and 2013, however, growth declined by 1 percent.

Despite an overall decline in the number of agricultural researchers employed at INIFAP, the number of researchers with PhD degrees increased during 2006– 2013. It should be noted, however, that many of these researchers will reach retirement age in the coming decade.

México

Countries: 
CountryName: 
México
Combined Profile Directory: 
0

México

  • El porcentaje del INIFAP en la capaci- dad y el gasto total en I&D agropecua- rio ha disminuido en las últimas déca- das a favor de otras agencias guberna- mentales y del sector universitario. Se prevé que el porcentaje del INIFAP disminuya aún más en la próxima década puesto que una parte importante de su equipo de científicos se jubilará.
  • El gasto total en I&D agropecuario aumentó progresivamente durante 1991 ?2006 debido, principalmente, a mayores inversiones por parte del sector de la educación superior y de las agencias gubernamentales, excepto el INIFAP.
Countries: 
Country Code: 
MEX

México: ASTI-INIFAP Cuaderno de país

La capacidad total de I&D agropecuario público en México ha aumentado paulatinamente durante las dos últimas décadas. En 2006, el volumen total de personal de investigación agropecuaria etc que empleaba el país era superior a 4.000 personas, lo que situaba a México en segundo lugar en cuanto a I&D agropecuario en América Latina, por detrás de Brasil. Sin embargo, esta estructura institucional del i&d agropecuario del país se está diversificando progresivamente.

Autores: 
Stads, Gert-Jan; López, Georgel Moctezuma; Espinosa García, José Antonio; Cuevas Reyes, Venancio; Barrera, José Luis Jolalpa
Ano: 
2008
Cover image: 
Publisher: 
Instituto Internacional de Investigaciones sobre Políticas Alimentarias (IFPRI); y Instituto Nacional Autónomo de Investigaciones Agropecuarias )INIFAP)
Publication Region: 
Countries: 
Language: 

Mexico: ASTI–INIFAP Country Brief

ASTI publicaiton cover

Authors:
Stads, Gert-Jan; López, Georgel Moctezuma; Espinosa García, José Antonio; Cuevas Reyes, Venancio; Barrera, José Luis Jolalpa

Year:
2008

Publisher
International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI); and National Institute for Forestry, Agricultural, and Animal Husbandry Research (INIFAP)

Publication category

Latin America and the Caribbean

Related country page(s)
Mexico

Total public agricultural R&D capacity in Mexico has gradually increased over the past two decades. In 2006, the country as a whole employed more than 4,000 fte agricultural research staff, making it the second largest agricultural R&D system in Latin America after Brazil. The institutional structure of the country’s agricultural R&D, however, has become increasingly diversified. Since the early 1990s, research staff increases were observed for the higher education sector and government agencies other than INIFAP, whereas totals at INIFAP have continuously declined. The latter suffered a particularly severe blow in December 2007 when the Mexican government announced a voluntary early retirement scheme and INIFAP lost 280 scientists virtually overnight. The average age of INIFAP’s current researcher pool is 52, meaning that many more scientists are up for retirement within the next decade.

Total agricultural R&D spending in Mexico has risen gradually since the early 1990s, due mainly to increased investments by the higher education sector and government agencies other than INIFAP. In 2006 Mexico invested $518 million (in constant 2005 PPP prices) in agricultural R&D, or 1.27 percent of the country’s agricultural output. A similar shift was seen in the composition of Mexico’s public agricultural research spending, with other government agencies and the higher education sector gradually gaining prominence at the expense of INIFAP.

Agricultural R&D in Mexico is largely financed by the national government, with SAGARPA allocating funding to the main agricultural universities and INIFAP receiving funding directly through SHCP. The private sector funds some of the research activities of INIFAP, ColPos, and UACh, but the sector seems to favor contracting with internationally renowned institutes like Tecnológico de Monterrey and CINVESTAV for its research needs. In recent years, a number of competitive funds (at the national, state, and sector level) have become increasingly important in financing agricultural R&D.

Overall, the Mexican public agricultural R&D system appears to be adequately staffed and financed when compared to other countries in the region and developing countries worldwide. However, the very large number of agricultural R&D agencies scattered over the country, often with only a handful of research staff and overlapping research mandates, has made Mexico’s agricultural research system somewhat weak and ineffective. It has also created a climate in which a few well-funded agencies producing world-class research operate alongside less productive agencies that are struggling for funding. Greater economies of scope and scale may be achieved if the agricultural R&D agencies in Mexico continue to better integrate their research efforts. A more effective distribution of agricultural research funding and a clear long-term national research strategy that involves both the public and private sector would contribute to this goal.

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