Brazil: ASTI–EMBRAPA–IDB Country Factsheet
Kathleen Flaherty, Rosana do Carmo Nascimento Guiducci, Danielle Alencar Parente Torres, Graciela Luzia Vedovoto, Antônio Flávio Dias Ávila, and Sandra Perez
International Food Policy Research Institute and Brazilian Agricultural Research Corporation.
Brazil’s agricultural research system is by far the region’s largest, in terms of both research capacity and spending. Almost half of all agricultural researchers are employed by the main federal government agency, Embrapa, and a further quarter are employed by the state agricultural research organizations (OEPAS).
During 2006–2013, agricultural R&D spending rose by 46 percent due to growth at Embrapa and in the higher education sector, particularly among federal universities. At 1.82 percent, spending as a share of AgGDP is the highest in Latin America.
Brazil employs the largest number of PhD-qualified agricultural researchers in the region, and its share of researchers with PhD degrees, at 73 percent, is the highest by far.
Brazil: ASTI–EMBRAPA Country Note
Beintema, Nienke; Avila, Flavio; Fachini, Cristina
International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI); and Brazilian Agricultural Research Corporation (EMBRAPA)
Many developing and developed countries are experiencing stagnant and even declining investment in public agricultural research. Expenditure is increasing in only a few of the larger and often more advanced developing countries. Brazil ranks third in the developing world in terms of public agricultural R&D investments after China and India. After a period of stable or declining expenditure levels, total public agricultural R&D spending has increased substantially in recent years due to renewed commitment to agricultural R&D on the part of the Brazilian government. Embrapa’s 2009 spending, for example, was 28 percent higher than its 2008 spending (adjusted for inflation), its highest level, since inauguration. Historically, Embrapa has been better funded than Brazil’s state government agencies, but the state centers are expected to bene¡t from increased federal support intended to revitalize Brazil’s agricultural research system and improve performance at the state level.
Embrapa has undergone restructuring to ensure that the country’s agricultural sector remains competitive. Modif¡cations include enhancing human and institutional capacities, improving institutional structures, and strengthening the performance and evaluation system. Embrapa is also increasing its international collaborations, particularly in North America, Western Europe, and a large number of developing countries in South and Central America and Africa.