Argentina: ASTI–INTA Country Factsheet
Gert-Jan Stads, Sandra Perez, Cristian Zuchini, and Nienke Beintema
International Food Policy Research Institute and National Agricultural Technology Institute
Knowledge and innovation became national priorities in Argentina with the 2007 establishment of the Ministry of Science and Technology, and the 2009 upgrade of the Secretariat for Agriculture, Livestock, and Fisheries into a Ministry, after which the country’s agricultural research expenditures grew markedly.
The number of agricultural researchers rose by more than half during 2006–2013; however, the majority of new recruits at INTA and higher education agencies hold BSc degrees only.
Argentina ranks very high among Latin American countries in terms of agricultural R&D spending as a share of agricultural GDP, agricultural researchers per capita, and the share of female agricultural researchers.
Argentina: ASTI Summary Brief
International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI); and National Institute of Agricultural Technology (INTA)
This brief provides an overview of the major investment trends in public agricultural research in Argentina since the early 1980s, drawing on a new set of data developed through a comprehensive survey by the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) and the National Institute of Agricultural Technology (INTA).
Argentina: ASTI–INTA Country Brief
Gert-Jan Stads, Ana María Ruiz, and Gustavo De Greef
Total public agricultural R&D capacity in Argentina has rapidly increased since the country emerged from the 1999-2002 economic crisis. This increase is mainly due to strong growth in INTA’s researcher totals, which rose from 1,180 FTEs in 2004 to 2,410 in 2007 following a large injection of national government and IDB funds in support of agricultural R&D. It should be noted, however, that most of INTA’s recently hired researchers hold BSc degrees. In 2006, the country as a whole employed close to 4,000 FTE agricultural research staff, making it the third largest agricultural R&D system in Latin America after Brazil and Mexico.
Total agricultural R&D spending in Argentina has also risen rapidly since the turn of the century, due mainly to increased investments by INTA. In 2006, Argentina spent $448 million (in 2005 PPP prices), compared to $296 million two years earlier. Over the course of the past 15 years, INTA has gone from being a poorly funded institute on the verge of being closed down to a well-functioning and well-funded institute producing worldclass research. Agricultural R&D in Argentina has become increasingly demand driven, it is increasingly funded through competitive schemes, and it has played a key role in stepping up the country’s agricultural production and exports over the past decade. The country occupies top ranks among its Latin American counterparts when it comes to agricultural R&D spending as a percentage of agricultural GDP, research capacity per capita, and the share of female agricultural research staff. Sustainable funding for agricultural R&D is key to ensuring that the extraordinary advances that the country has made over the past decade are not eroded in the future.