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Uruguay

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URY
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Uruguay
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Uruguay
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INIA

Uruguay: ASTI–INIA Ficha Técnica -Indicadores de I+D Agropecuario

A 2013, el sector de educación superior representaba aproximadamente la mitad de todos los investigadores agropecuarios empleados en Uruguay, pero INIA, el principal instituto de investigación agropecuaria del país, fue responsable de dos tercios del gasto en I+D agropecuario del país.

A pesar de las erráticas fluctuaciones anuales originadas por el hecho de que la financiación de INIA está ligada al valor total de la producción agropecuaria del país, el gasto total en I+D agropecuario en Uruguay aumentó durante el periodo 2006–2013.

Autores: 
Gert-Jan Stads, Sandra Perez, Isabel Bortagaray, José Bervejillo, Miguel Sierra y Nienke Beintema
Ano: 
2016
Cover image: 
Publisher: 
Instituto Internacional de Investigaciones sobre Políticas Alimentarias e Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Agropecuarias
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Uruguay: ASTI–INIA Country Factsheet

ASTI publicaiton cover

Authors:
Gert-Jan Stads, Sandra Perez, Isabel Bortagaray, José Bervejillo, Miguel Sierra, and Nienke Beintema

Year:
2016

Publisher
International Food Policy Research Institute and National Agricultural Research Institute

Publication category

Latin America and the Caribbean

Related country page(s)
Uruguay

As of 2013, the higher education sector accounted for about half of all the agricultural researchers employed in Uruguay, but the country’s primary agricultural research institute, INIA, was responsible for two-thirds of the country’s agricultural R&D expenditures.

Despite erratic yearly fluctuations stemming from the fact that INIA’s funding is tied to the total value of the country’s agricultural production, total spending on agricultural R&D in Uruguay increased during 2006–2013.

Uruguay’s agricultural research system compares favorably with those of many other Latin American countries on a number of key indicators, including spending as a share of AgGDP, the number of researchers per 100,000 farmers, and the share of female researchers with PhD degrees.

Uruguay

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Uruguay
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Uruguay

  • El gasto total de Uruguay en I&D agropecuario rebotó rápidamente después de la crisis económica de 1999-2003, alcanzando en 2006 la cifra de 848 millones de pesos uruguayos (a precio corriente).
  • El Instituto Nacional de Investigación Agropecuaria (INIA) y la Universidad de la República (UdelaR) son las dos agencias de I&D agropecuario más importantes de Uruguay; juntas, representan más del 75 por ciento de la capacidad de investigación agropecuaria del país.
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Uruguay: ASTI–INIA Cuaderno de país

En 2006, Uruguay empleaba en torno a 400 investigadores ETC e invertía 848 millones de pesos uruguayos (en precios actuales) en investigación agropecuaria. La estructura de financiamiento del INIA es peculiar para América Latina pues el instituto recibe la recaudación de un impuesto sobre los productos que se aplica al valor total de las ventas de productos agrícolas en Uruguay además de una asignación equivalente del gobierno nacional. Por lo tanto, el INIA depende en gran medida del valor total de la producción del sector agropecuario de Uruguay.

Autores: 
Stads, Gert -Jan; Cotro, Beatriz; Allegri, Mario
Ano: 
2008
Cover image: 
Publisher: 
Instituto Internacional de Investigaciones sobre Políticas Alimentarias (IFPRI); y Instituto Nacional de Investigación Agropecuaria (INIA)
Publication Region: 
Countries: 
Language: 

Uruguay: ASTI–INIA Country Brief

ASTI publicaiton cover

Authors:
Stads, Gert-Jan; Cotro, Beatriz; Allegri, Mario

Year:
2008

Publisher
International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI); and Instituto Nacional de Investigación Agropecuaria (INIA)

Publication category

Latin America and the Caribbean

Related country page(s)
Uruguay

In 2006, Uruguay employed roughly 400 fte researchers and spent 848 million Uruguayan pesos (in current prices) on agricultural research. INIA’s funding structure is unique in Latin America in that it receives the proceeds of a commodity tax levied on the total sales value of agricultural commodities in Uruguay and an equal  contribution from the national government as counterpart funding. In light of this, INIA is highly dependent on the total production value of Uruguay’s agricultural sector. During 1999–2003, the country underwent the worst economic crisis in its recent history, which in turn led to a contraction of agricultural output and, as a result, overall funding to INIA. In 2004, Uruguay's economy began to recover, resulting in rapidly rising agricultural R&D spending.

Uruguay compares favorably with many of its Latin American counterparts in a number of key agricultural S&T indicators. For example, its agricultural research  expenditures as a share of AgGDP (at close to 2.0 percent) are much higher than in other Latin American countries. It is important to note, however, that in order to make a proper assessment of the importance of agriculture to Uruguay’s economy, it is necessary to take agribusiness linkages into account. The resulting indirect role of the agricultural sector in the overall economy is therefore much larger than official AgGDP data indicate, so the country’s high agricultural research intensity ratio should be assessed from this perspective.

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