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Malaisie
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Malasia
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Malaysia: ASTI–MARDI Country Note

ASTI publicaiton cover

Authors:
Flaherty, Kathleen; Abu Dardak, Rozhan

Year:
2013

Publisher
International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI); and Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute (MARDI)

Publication category

Asia and the Pacific

Related publication(s)

Malaysia: ASTI–MARDI Country Brief

Related country page(s)
Malaysia

Despite year-to-year fluctuations, agricultural research investment in Malaysia remained roughly constant between 2002 and 2010. Capacity levels did increase, however, primarily reflecting the recruitment of younger, BSc-qualified researchers. The country’s growing researcher capacity measured against a decreasing number of farmers led to a higher ratio of researchers to farmers. In comparison, research spending intensity fluctuated, largely in response to volatile AgGDP levels. For every $100 of agricultural output, Malaysia spent close to $1.00 on agricultural R&D in 2008 compared with an average of $0.54 for developing countries and $3.07 for high-income countries (Beintema et al 2012). The country’s AgGDP levels accelerated from 2006 driven by high-value export crops; as a result, agricultural research performed by the private sector increased. However, to build on agricultural sector gains, public research can still play a valuable supporting role, especially with regard to research on commodities that can boost household incomes and are essential for food security, such as those targeted by the new Economic Transformation Program. Issues of concern looking to the future include ongoing maintenance of capacity and infrastructure given government funding cuts, and the training and mentoring of junior staff needed to replace retiring senior staff over the coming decades.

Malaysia: ASTI–MARDI Country Brief

ASTI publicaiton cover

Authors:
Stads, Gert-Jan; Tawang, Ariffin; Beintema, Nienke

Year:
2005

Publisher
International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI); and Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute (MARDI)

Publication category

Asia and the Pacific

Related country page(s)
Malaysia

Although MASTIC reported that agricultural R&D accounted for only 4 percent of Malaysia’s public and private research spending in 2002 (MASTIC 2004), the sector  experienced strong growth in terms of human resources and spending from 1981 until 2002. Total fte agricultural researchers rose steadily during this period, and the country’s public agricultural R&D expenditures nearly tripled over this time frame, reaching $384 million in constant 2000 prices. Agencies focusing on export plantation crops in particular reported significant increases in their total spending levels. Research spending and staffing levels at MARDI, however, showed little growth but are  expected to increase in the coming years, given the institute’s aggressive recruitment drive in recent years, especially in new strategic R&D areas such as biotechnology.

The agricultural sector has been identified by the Malaysian government as one of three engines of growth for economic development. Agricultural R&D agencies—in both the public and private sectors—are expected to play a dominant role in achieving this growth. Financial support by the national government to public agricultural research is therefore expected to continue in the years to come. The government has introduced various incentives to stimulate private-sector involvement in R&D, and particularly to foster cooperation between public and private agencies.

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