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Guinea

ISO: 
GIN
Subregion: 
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0
French: 
Guinée
Spanish: 
Guinea
Hide on Nanotool: 
No
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No
DMP_ID: 
18
ASTI-Country: 
1
Main Agency Acronym(s): 
IRAG

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Guinea: ASTI–IRAG Country Factsheet

ASTI publicaiton cover

Other languages:
Version française

Authors:
Léa Vicky Magne Domgho, Famoï Béavogui, Sékou Diawara, and Gert-Jan Stads

Year:
2017

Publisher
International Food Policy Research Institute and Guinean Agricultural Research Institute

Publication category

Africa south of the Sahara

Related country page(s)
Guinea

Further information

Rebound in spending

Agricultural research expenditures fell by 80 percent during 2000–2010, but a considerable boost in government funding in 2011 reversed this negative, long-term trend. The additional financial resources enabled staff training and much-needed rehabilitation of research infrastructure after years of neglect. Notwithstanding these recent increases, Guinea still underinvests in agricultural research. In 2014, the country spent just 0.30 percent of its AgGDP in agricultural research, well below the 1 percent target recommended by the African Union and the United Nations.

Greater government support

During 2000–2010, more than 70 percent of IRAG’s funding was derived from development banks and donors (mostly France). Guinea’s unstable political situation led to a widespread suspension of donor aid in 2009, at which time the government had no choice but to increase its funding to IRAG in order to keep it operating. Government funding remained the principal funding source during 2011–2014, giving the country increased autonomy over its research agenda. Since 2012, WAAPP has strengthened Guinea’s rice research capacity through a five-year, US$9 million grant from Japan.

Aging researcher pool

Guinea has the oldest pool of agricultural researchers of any African country: 94 percent of its PhD-qualified researchers are in their 50s or 60s, and large-scale capacity losses due to retirement are imminent. With substantial support from the governments of Guinea and France, IRAG was able to provide MSc-level training in a variety of fields to a large number of BSc-qualified researchers and technicians between 2011 and 2015. Many of these recent MSc graduates will be enrolled in PhD programs in the near future, as is stipulated in IRAG’s new strategic plan.

Limited innovative capacity

IRAG released no new crop varieties during 2011–2014, and its scientists rarely publish in international journals. The institute’s low innovative capacity is a cause for concern, raising questions as to the effectiveness of national agricultural research. Weak domestic intellectual property rights legislation is a further impediment to innovation. Guinea and many countries across West Africa struggle with how to reconcile intellectual property rights with farmers’ rights and other local interests.

Guinée : ASTI–IRAG Fiche d’information

Reprise des dépenses

Auteurs: 
Léa Vicky Magne Domgho, Famoï Béavogui, Sékou Diawara et Gert-Jan Stads
Année: 
2017
Cover image: 
Publié par: 
Institut international de recherches sur les politiques et Institut de recherche agronomique de Guinée
Autres langues - English: 
Publication Region: 
Countries: 
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Guinée : ASTI–IRAG Fiche d’information

Les dépenses en R&D agricole affichent une augmentation progressive depuis 2008, reflétant une intensification du soutien de l’État.

On constate également un accroissement régulier de l’effectif des chercheurs agricoles au cours des dernières années. Toutefois, deux tiers de ces chercheurs sont titulaires d’une licence/BSc et bon nombre des titulaires d’un doctorat approchent l’âge de la retraite.

Auteurs: 
Gert-Jan Stads, Famoï Béavogui et Léa Vicky Magne Domgho
Année: 
2014
Cover image: 
Publié par: 
Institut international de recherches sur les politiques et Institut de recherche agronomique de Guinée.
Autres langues - English: 
Publication Region: 
Countries: 
Language: 

Guinea: ASTI–IRAG Country Factsheet

ASTI publicaiton cover

Other languages:
Version française

Authors:
Gert-Jan Stads, Famoï Béavogui, and Léa Vicky Magne Domgho

Year:
2014

Publisher
International Food Policy Research Institute and Guinean Agricultural Research Institute

Publication category

Africa south of the Sahara

Related country page(s)
Guinea

Agricultural R&D spending levels have gradually risen since 2008 due to increased government support.

The number of agricultural researchers has also increased steadily in recent years; however, two-thirds of the country’s researchers only hold BSc degrees, and many PhD-qualified researchers are approaching retirement age.

Accounting for just 4 percent of researchers, women are severely underrepresented in agricultural R&D in Guinea, especially given that the country’s agricultural labor force is predominantly female.

Guinée: Abrégé de l'ASTI

En comparaison avec les pays voisins, la R&D agricole guinéenne se caractérise par un taux faible de personnel de recherche hautement diplômé (niveau maîtrise et doctorat), par des dépenses par chercheur beaucoup moins élevées ainsi que par un très faible ratio personnel de soutien/chercheur. Depuis le début des années

Auteurs: 
Stads, Gert-Jan; Béavogui, Famoï
Année: 
2003
Cover image: 
Publié par: 
Institut International de Recherche sur les Politiques Alimentaires (IFPRI); Service International pour la Recherche Agricole Nationale (ISNAR); et Institut de Recherche Agronomique de Guinée (IRAG)
Autres langues - English: 
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Guinée: ASTI-IRAG Note de Pays

Au cours de la période 2000–2008, l’effectif total des chercheurs agricoles en Guinée est resté relativement stable. Or le niveau d’investissement en R&D agricole a diminué de beaucoup : en 2008, le pays investissait environ 3,9 milliards de francs guinéens, soit 3,2 millions de dollars ÉU en prix constants de 2005) dans la recherche agricole, ce par rapport aux 14 milliards de francs guinéens (11,5 millions de dollars) investis en 2000.

Auteurs: 
Stads, Gert-Jan; Béavogui, Famoï; et Diawara, Sékou
Année: 
2010
Cover image: 
Publié par: 
Institut Iinternational de Recherche sur les Politiques Alimentaires (IFPRI); et Institut de Recherche Agronomique de Guinée (IRAG)
Autres langues - English: 
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Guinea: ASTI–IRAG Country Brief

ASTI publicaiton cover

Other languages:
Version française

Authors:
Stads, Gert-Jan; Béavogui, Sékou

Year:
2003

Publisher
International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI); International Service for National Agricultural Research (ISNAR); and Agricultural Research Institute of Guinea (IRAG)

Publication category

Africa south of the Sahara

Related country page(s)
Guinea

Compared with neighboring countries, agricultural R&D in Guinea is characterized by a low level of highly qualified (masters- and doctoral-level) research staff, by much lower expenditures per researcher, and by a very low support-staff-to-researcher ratio. Since the beginning of the 1990s, agricultural researcher numbers have gradually increased in Guinea, but agricultural research budgets have been erratic and strongly dependent on two consecutive projects—PSA-1 and PNSA— funded by World Bank loans, counterpart funding from the government of Guinea, and donor funding from France and the European Union. The completion of PNSA in December 2000 and of FAC funding in June 2003 has left a bleak financial situation, particularly for IRAG, which has been forced to dramatically cut research activities of 21 out of its 32 research programs. Without new donor projects or funding from producer organizations or private enterprises, the Guinean government will have to substantially increase its funding to IRAG if it wants IRAG to survive this severe financial crisis.

Guinea: ASTI–IRAG Country Note

ASTI publicaiton cover

Other languages:
Version française

Authors:
Stads, Gert-Jan; Béavogui, Famoï; Diawara, Sékou

Year:
2010

Publisher
International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI); and Guinean Institute for Agricultural Research (IRAG)

Publication category

Africa south of the Sahara

Related country page(s)
Guinea

During 2000–08, Guinean agricultural staffing levels remained relatively stable. Agricultural R&D expenditures, however, decreased significantly: in 2008, total investments were around 3.9 billion Guinean francs or 3.2 million PPP dollars (in constant 2005 prices), as opposed to 14.0 billion Guinean francs or 11.5 million PPP dollars in 2000. Guinea’s principal agricultural research agency, IRAG, was largely responsible for this decline, given its high dependence on donor funding, particularly through consecutive projects led by the World Bank and the French government. The decline in the country’s overall agricultural R&D, however, was not only due to reduced donor support, but also reflected cuts in government funding. In 2008, only 0.39 percent of Guinea’s AgGDP was invested in agricultural R&D, among the lowest levels recorded in Africa.

Despite the fall in R&D expenditures, two positive developments mark the 2000–08 period: many young IRAG researchers received university training, and the institute was able to develop connectivity to the internet. Nevertheless, Guinea’s agricultural R&D agencies face a bleak future due to the country’s current political climate, which has affected foreign donors’ willingness to support projects in Guinea and made it increasingly difficult for Guinean agencies to secure research funding from other sources. Faced with this situation, the national government will have to considerably increase its financial support to IRAG if the institute is to contribute to achieving food security and reducing poverty. The future of Guinea’s agriculture R&D, and ultimately its agricultural development, will therefore be greatly determined by the country’s political leaders and decisionmakers.

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