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Colombia

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COL
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French: 
Colombie
Spanish: 
Colombia
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DMP_ID: 
45
ASTI-Country: 
1
Main Agency Acronym(s): 
CORPOICA

Colombia: ASTI–CORPOICA Ficha Técnica -Indicadores de I+D Agropecuario

Tras años de estancamiento, el apoyo gubernamental para I+D agropecuario aumentó con el lanzamiento de la Agenda Nacional de Investigación, Desarrollo e Innovación en el 2011 y con reformas significativas en el sistema nacional de regalías. Corpoica, principal entidad de I+D agropecuario de Colombia, se ha beneficiado enormemente de estos avances.

Autores: 
Gert-Jan Stads, Sandra Perez, Angélica Londoño y Nienke Beintema
Ano: 
2016
Cover image: 
Publisher: 
Instituto Internacional de Investigaciones sobre Políticas Alimentarias y Corporación Colombiana de Investigación Agropecuaria
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Colombia: ASTI–CORPOICA Country Factsheet

ASTI publicaiton cover

Authors:
Gert-Jan Stads, Sandra Perez, Angelica Londoño, and Nienke Beintema

Year:
2016

Publisher
International Food Policy Research Institute and Colombian Corporation of Agricultural Research

Publication category

Latin America and the Caribbean

Related country page(s)
Colombia

After years of stagnation, government support for agricultural R&D increased with the 2011 launch of the National Research, Development, and Innovation Agenda and significant reforms in the national royalty system. Corpoica, Colombia’s main agricultural R&D agency, has benefited greatly from these developments.

Producer associations play a critical role in agricultural research, differentiating Colombia’s agricultural R&D system from its South American counterparts. Research conducted by the largest producer associations is predominantly funded through commodity taxes levied on production or exports.

The number of agricultural researchers employed in Colombia remained stagnant during 2004–2012 at around 1,000 FTEs, but increased substantially in 2013 due to an influx of BSc-qualified researchers.

Colombia

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Colombia
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Colombia

  • Los porcentajes de CORPOICA en el gasto y la capacidad total de I&D agropecuario de Colombia ha disminuido progresivamente en las últimas décadas en favor de las asociaciones de productores, otras agencias gubernamentales y las universidades.
  • El gasto en I&D agropecuario de Colombia permaneció estable en el período 1996–2002 pero se ha contraído sustancialmente en los últimos años por recortes drásticos en el presupuesto de CORPOICA.
Countries: 
Country Code: 
COL

Colombia: ASTI Cuaderno de país

Después de una década de fuerte crecimiento en los años 1980, la expansión de la capacidad total de investigación agropecuaria de Colombia se estabilizó a mediados de los años 1990. En 2006, el país empleaba a unos 1.000 científicos ETC en I&D agropecuario.

Autores: 
Stads, Gert-Jan; Romano, Luis
Ano: 
2008
Cover image: 
Publisher: 
Instituto Internacional de Investigaciones sobre Políticas Alimentarias (IFPRI)
Publication Region: 
Countries: 
Language: 

Colombia: ASTI Country Brief

ASTI publicaiton cover

Authors:
Stads, Gert-Jan; Romano, Luis

Year:
2008

Publisher
International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)

Publication category

Latin America and the Caribbean

Related country page(s)
Colombia

After a decade of strong growth during the 1980s, the expansion of overall agricultural research capacity in Colombia stalled in the mid-1990s. In 2006 the country as a whole employed roughly 1,000 fte scientists involved in agricultural R&D. A rapid fall in the number of research staff at CORPOICA combined with increased  agricultural research activities undertaken by producer associations, higher education agencies, and government agencies other than CORPOICA have increasingly diversified the institutional structure and focus of agricultural R&D in Colombia.

A similar shift was seen in the composition of agricultural research spending. The share of CORPOICA, and its predecessor ICA, in total Colombian agricultural R&D spending has gradually declined over the past decades in favor of producer associations, other government agencies, and the university sector. Agricultural R&D spending in Colombia remained stable during 1996–2002 but has contracted substantially in recent years due mainly to severe cuts in CORPOICA’s budget. In 2006 Colombia invested $152 million (in 2005 constant prices) in agricultural R&D, or 0.50 percent of the country’s agricultural output. In terms of public sector intensity of investment in agricultural R&D, Colombia rates well below many of its Latin American counterparts.

Although Colombia’s private sector is involved in very limited agricultural research itself, it plays a rather active role in (indirectly) financing it. More than 90 percent of research carried out by the country’s four principal producer associations is financed through commodity taxes levied on private sector production or exports. CORPOICA, on the other hand, received more than three-quarters of its funds from the Colombian government, with the remainder coming from internally generated resources, the private sector, and foreign donors. In recent years, competitive funds have become increasingly important in financing agricultural R&D in Colombia.

Many challenges lie ahead for Colombia. The international integration process of the Colombian economy, and of the agricultural sector in particular, is taking place in a global setting in which knowledge and technological development and innovation are becoming increasingly important factors. The Free Trade Agreement with the United States currently pending approval presents an opportunity for Colombia to increase trade access for its products. Agricultural research is key to improving the productivity and competitiveness of Colombia’s agricultural sector. The current pattern of declining agricultural R&D spending and bias toward short-term research needs to be reversed. A boost in agricultural research spending and a clear long-term national research strategy that involves both the public and private sector are therefore called for if Colombia’s agricultural sector is to compete in a new global market.

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