Turkey: ASTI–GDAR Country Factsheet
Gert-Jan Stads, Mehmet Cihad Kaya, Betül Gürer, Raed Badwan, and Michael Rahija
International Food Policy Research Institute and General Directorate of Agricultural Research (GDAR)
Turkey’s total number of agricul- tural researchers (in FTEs) grew considerably during 2009–2012. At GDAR agencies, this growth mostly represented increased numbers of MSc-qualified scien- tists, whereas at the universities the increase was predominantly in PhD-qualified scientists.
The 2011 restructuring of Turkey’s agricultural ministry led to a stronger government commit- ment to agricultural R&D, but the level of investment as a share of AgGDP remains relatively low, particularly compared with average shares of most European Union countries.
Most of Turkey’s agricultural R&D is funded by the government, either directly through the Ministry of Agriculture or through competitive grants issued by TÜBİTAK. The role of the private sector has become increasingly important over time, in terms of the actual conduct of agricultural R&D, as well as funding for public-sector research.