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Senegal: ASTI–ISRA Country Factsheet
Léa Vicky Magne Domgho, Lamine Gaye, and Gert-Jan Stads
International Food Policy Research Institute and Senegalese Agricultural Research Institute
Agricultural research spending increased significantly in Senegal in recent years, largely driven by a doubling of researcher salaries at ISRA and the launch of Phase II of the World Bank loan–funded WAAPP, which drove spending on research programs and infrastructure. In 2014, Senegal invested 1.15 percent of its agricultural output in agricultural research, up from just 0.63 percent two years earlier. The country’s agricultural research intensity ratio is now well above the minimum target of 1 percent of AgGDP set by the African Union and the United Nations.
Expansion of WAAPP
Senegal received a CFA 7.5 billion loan under WAAPP to develop the country’s capacity in research on dryland cereals during 2008–2012. This funding was mostly allocated to researcher training and the rehabiliation of facilities related to cereal research. In 2013, the World Bank approved a second phase of WAAPP in Senegal, widening the scope of the project to include livestock and horticulture. The budget for Phase II is CFA 30 billion for 2013–2017. WAAPP also funds a competitive research scheme, FNRAA, which accepts multidisciplinary research proposals from stakeholders.
Compared with similarly sized African countries, Senegal’s agricultural researcher capacity is low, and insufficient to fulfill its ambitious research agenda. Researcher numbers declined in recent years through a combination of recruitment bans, retirement, and staff departures. In 2012, the government approved an increase in researcher salary levels and the extension of the retirement age from 60 to 65 years. The government also approved the recruitment and training of 10 researchers per year by ISRA over ten years in efforts to address the institute’s capacity needs.
Weak extension linkages
Despite being administered by the Ministry of Agriculture, ISRA and the country’s agricultural extension agencies have weak cooperation linkages. Moreover, ISRA and the extension agencies compete for scarce resources rather than collaborating as part of a broader agricultural innovation system. Linkages between research and extension need to be strengthened to ensure that improved varieties and technologies released by ISRA are successfully adopted by farmers.
Agricultural R&D in Senegal: An Assessment of the Senegalese Agricultural Research Institute
Lamine Gaye , Louis Sène , and Gert - Jan Stads
International Food Policy Research Institute and West and Central African Council for Agricultural Research and Development (CORAF/WECAR)
During 2013–2014, ASTI, CORAF/WECARD, and national focal points carried out an in-depth assessment of the critical human, financial, and institutional capacity issues that ISRA is facing. The assessment included a quantitative survey collecting information on human and financial resources, R&D infrastructure, and R&D outputs; a series of face-to-face interviews with selected research and managerial staff; and a staff motivation survey distributed to a selected group of researchers and managerial staff. This summary note highlights the trends and challenges that emerged from the data, structuring it within five broad areas: funding capacity, human resource capacity, research outputs, research-related infrastructure, and institutional conditions.
Senegal: ASTI–ISRA Country Factsheet
Gert-Jan Stads, Léa Vicky Magne Domgho, Lamine Gaye, and Louis Sène
International Food Policy Research Institute and Senegalese Agricultural Research Institute.
Agricultural R&D spending remained relatively constant during 2000–2011. Recent government reforms and the launch of the second phase of WAAPP (2013–2017) are expected to enhance future spending levels.
The number of agricultural researchers employed at ISRA and at ITA has steadily declined in recent years, while researcher numbers in the higher education sector have increased.
The private sector plays an important role in agricultural R&D in Senegal compared with most countries of West Africa; in 2011, private companies accounted for 16 percent of the total number of (public and private) agricultural researchers.