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Madagascar

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Madagascar
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Madagascar ASTI–FOFIFA Country Factsheet

ASTI publicaiton cover

Other languages:
Version française

Authors:
Léa Vicky Magne Domgho, Rivonjaka Randriamanamisa, and Gert-Jan Stads

Year:
2017

Publisher
International Food Policy Research Institute and National Center for Applied Research and Rural Development

Publication category

Africa south of the Sahara

Related country page(s)
Madagascar

Further information

Severe underinvestment

Madagascar’s political and economic instability have had a severe adverse impact on the country’s agricultural research spending in recent years. Expenditure levels dropped by 40 percent between 2008 and 2010, and have only slowly increased since. Spending just 0.13 percent of AgGDP on agricultural research in 2014, Madagascar’s agricultural research intensity ratio is one of the lowest in Africa.

Aging research capacity

Madagascar’s number of agricultural researchers has remained relatively stable over time. However, maintaining high-quality research and avoiding capacity erosion will be crucial challenges in the coming years as large numbers of senior researchers are set to retire. FOFIFA’s recent recruitment of 10 MSc researchers is a positive first step, but more recruitment and training are urgently needed. Sustainable long-term funding must be made available to ensure that these short-term gains can be maintained, built upon, and translated in tangible research results over time.

High donor dependency

Compared to most national agricultural research institutes across Africa, FOFIFA is highly dependent on donor and development funding. By nature, this type of funding tends to be short-term and ad hoc, potentially skewing research agendas toward short-term goals that may not necessarily be aligned with national priorities. The government will need to clearly identify its long-term research priorities and allocate sustained funding, not just for salaries but also to sustain research programs. Creative mechanisms to stimulate private funding should also be explored.

Challenges to food security

Madagascar faces frequent food production shortages. Research has the potential to provide the necessary technological solutions to enable the country to reverse declining agricultural productivity and achieve food security. Increased investments in human resources, infrastructure, and research programs are needed, as is the creation of incentives and mechanisms to strengthen the provision of extension and advisory services and to incentivize the private sector to conduct agricultural research.

Madagascar : ASTI–FOFIFA Fiche d’information

Sous-investissement grave

L’instabilité politique et économique des années récentes a eu un effet très négatif sur les dépenses de recherche agricole de Madagascar. Suite à une baisse de 40% entre 2008 et 2010, les niveaux de dépenses se redressent, mais à un rythme un peu lent. Le pays n’ayant investi que 0,13% de son PIBA dans la recherche agricole en 2014, son taux d’intensité de la recherche agricole est l’un des plus faibles de l’Afrique.

Personnel de recherche vieillissant

Auteurs: 
Léa Vicky Magne Domgho, Rivonjaka Randriamanamisa et Gert-Jan Stads
Année: 
2017
Cover image: 
Publié par: 
Institut international de recherche sur les politiques alimentaires et Centre National de Recherche Appliquée au Développement Rural
Publication Region: 
Countries: 
Language: 

Madagascar : ASTI–FOFIFA Fiche d’information

Au cours de la période 2008–2011, Madagascar a enregistré une chute d’environ 25 % des dépenses consacrées à la R&D agricole (en termes corrigés de l’inflation), principalement en raison des baisses accusées par le CNARP, le CNRO et le FIFAMANOR. La courbe des dépenses du FOFIFA révèle une stabilité relative.

La part du PIB agricole allouée à la R&D agricole ne dépasse pas 0,16 % en 2011, Madagascar affiche un des plus faibles taux d’intensité de la recherche agricole en Afrique.

Auteurs: 
Gert-Jan Stads, Rivonjaka Randriamanamisa et Léa Vicky Magne Domgho
Année: 
2013
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Madagascar ASTI–FOFIFA Country Factsheet

ASTI publicaiton cover

Other languages:
Version française

Authors:
Gert-Jan Stads, Rivonjaka Randriamanamisa, and Léa Vicky Magne Domgho

Year:
2013

Publisher
International Food Policy Research Institute and National Center for Applied Research and Rural Development

Publication category

Africa south of the Sahara

Related country page(s)
Madagascar

Madagascar’s agricultural R&D spending fell by roughly a quarter during 2008–2011 (in inflation-adjusted terms), largely driven by declines at CNARP, CNRO, and FIFAMANOR. FOFIFA’s spending remained relatively stable over time.

Spending just 0.16 percent of agricultural GDP on agricultural R&D in 2011, Madagascar’s agricultural research intensity ratio is one of the lowest in Africa. 

Agricultural R&D capacity, in terms of the number of agricultural researchers, has remained relatively stable over time; however, maintaining high-quality research and avoiding capacity erosion will be a crucial challenge in the coming years because large numbers of experienced senior scientists are set to retire.

Madagascar: Abrége de l'ASTI

Même si le nombre total de chercheurs au sein de la R&D agricole a continué à croître (quoique à un taux très faible ces dernières années), les dépenses consacrées à la R&D agricole ont connu à Madagascar une baisse spectaculaire au cours de ces 30 dernières années, en raison de la diminution des contributions versées par l’État ainsi que de la fin du PNRA, en 1999.

Auteurs: 
Beintema, Nienke M.; Caste lo Magalhaes, Eduardo; et Randriamanamisa, Rivonjaka
Année: 
2003
Cover image: 
Publié par: 
Institut International de Recherche sur les Politiques Alimentaires (IFPRI); Service International pour la Recherche Agricole Nationale (ISNAR); et Centre National de Recherche Appliquée au Développement Rural (FOFIFA)
Autres langues - English: 
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Madagascar: ASTI-FOFIFA Note de Pays

Au cours des dernières décennies, la R&D agricole malgache est demeurée largement tributaire de l’aide de divers bailleurs de fonds, y compris la suite de projets financés grâce à des prêts de la Banque mondiale et l’assistance technique de la France par le truchement du nombre relativement important de chercheurs affectés à l’implantation du CIRAD à Madagascar.

Auteurs: 
Stads, Gert-Jan; Randriamanamisa, Rivonjaka
Année: 
2010
Cover image: 
Publié par: 
Institut international de recherche sur les politiques alimentaires (IFPRI); Centre National de Recherche Appliquée au Développement Rural (FOFIFA)
Autres langues - English: 
Countries: 
Publication Region: 
Language: 

Benchmarking Agricultural Research Investment and Capacity Indicators Across Southern African Countries

Total investments in public agricultural R&D in the Southern African countries included in this study increased slightly from the 1990s to 2008. Overall, the 2001–08 investment growth in these countries was lower than average growth in other subregions of the continent. With the exception of Tanzania, public research spending growth stagnated or was negative. However, agricultural research in the middle-income countries of South Africa, Mauritius, Namibia, and Botswana was comparatively well-funded by their national governments. These countries outperformed other subregions, as well as neighboring lower income countries, in many key areas. They are less dependent on donor contributions and development bank loans than are the subregion’s low-income countries which have been subject to funding volatility associated with fluctuating allocations and disbursement schedules.

Overall agricultural research staffing in the SADC countries has also grown slightly since the 1990s, but not as much as countries in other subregions of Africa. Corresponding to the high agricultural investment intensity ratios, the middle- income countries have high ratios of agricultural researchers to agricultural laborers. South Africa in particular leads the subregion with its well-established agricultural research agencies and universities. In 2008, South Africa employed the highest share of PhD-qualified research staff among the SADC countries (46 percent).

Strengthening research capacity continues to be a challenge in most of the Southern African countries, and the lack of local PhD programs particularly limits training in Botswana and Namibia. Agricultural researchers in Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe are among the least highly qualified in SSA given that about half are qualified to the BSc level only. Other countries, such as Madagascar and Tanzania, employ an aging pool of researchers as a consequence of long-term government recruitment freezes, so recently recruited staff are young, less qualified, and often have limited training opportunities.

Madagascar: ASTI–FOFIFA Country Brief

ASTI publicaiton cover

Other languages:
Version française

Authors:
Beintema, Nienke M.; Magalhaes, Eduardo Castelo; Randriamanamisa, Rivonjaka

Year:
2003

Publisher
International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI); International Service for National Agricultural Research (ISNAR); and National Center of Applied Research and Rural Development (FOFIFA)

Publication category

Africa south of the Sahara

Related country page(s)
Madagascar

Although the total number of fte researchers in agricultural R&D has continued to grow (albeit at a very low rate in recent years), Madagascar experienced a dramatic decrease in public agricultural R&D spending over the past 30 years. This was the result of declining government contributions combined with the completion of NARP in 1999.

Under NARP, FOFIFA underwent major institutional changes. Total nontechnical staff numbers declined considerably—allowing a rise in researcher numbers—and research was decentralized through regional improvements and incentives that successfully attracted researchers from headquarters to regional centers, at least for the duration of the project (World Bank 1998). Since the completion of NARP, FOFIFA’s funding situation has worsened considerably. A second World Bank project, RDSP, was initiated in 2002, which will provide added financial support to FOFIFA and FIFAMANOR. RDSP is scheduled to run until 2006.

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