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Chad

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TCD
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Tchad
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Chad
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Main Agency Acronym(s): 
ITRAD

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Tchad : ASTI–ITRAD Fiche d’information

Volatilité du financement

Les recettes pétrolières du Tchad sont déterminantes pour la hauteur de la subvention d’État que touchent les organismes publics, dont ceux de la recherche agricole. Entre 2012 et 2014, une forte baisse de ces revenus entraîna une baisse d’environ 25% des dépenses de la recherche agricole. Les organismes de recherche se doivent de diversifier encore plus leur base de financement, notamment en générant des revenus propres par la vente de biens et de services.

Sous-investissement grave

Auteurs: 
Gert-Jan Stads, Allarangaye Moundibaye et Léa Vicky Magne Domgho
Année: 
2017
Cover image: 
Publié par: 
Institut international de recherches sur les politiques et Institut tchadien de recherche agronomique pour le développement
Autres langues - English: 
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Countries: 
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Chad: ASTI–ITRAD Country Factsheet

ASTI publicaiton cover

Other languages:
Version française

Authors:
Gert-Jan Stads, Allarangaye Moundibaye, and Léa Vicky Magne Domgho

Year:
2017

Publisher
International Food Policy Research Institute and Chadian Institute of Agricultural Research for Development

Publication category

Africa south of the Sahara

Related country page(s)
Chad

Funding fluctuations

Government funding to public institutes, including agricultural research agencies, is heavily dependent on the country’s oil revenues, which fell sharply between 2012 and 2014. During that time, Chad’s agricultural research expenditures contracted by about 25 percent. In order to mitigate future funding shocks, it is important that research agencies continue to diversify their funding base, in particular by generating income internally through the sale of goods and services.

Serious underinvestment

In 2014, Chad invested just 0.09 percent of its AgGDP in agricultural research—a fraction of the 1 percent minimum level recommended by the African Union and the United Nations. If agricultural research in Chad is to become more productive and efficient, higher levels of funding must be secured. The government needs to clearly identify its long-term agricultural research priorities and secure stable and sustainable funding for R&D programs. Creative mechanisms to stimulate private-sector research funding should also be explored.

Training the next generation

The number of agricultural researchers employed in Chad doubled during 2009–2014, but this growth almost entirely occurred among researchers qualified to the MSc-degree level. As of 2014, ITRAD employed just 7 PhD-qualified researchers, all of whom are approaching retirement age. The institute particularly lacks breeders and soil scientists. France and the European Union have funded PhD training for five researchers at ITRAD and MSc training for two researchers at universities in West and Central Africa and France.

Enhanced livestock research

Chad’s main livestock research agency, IRED, was established from a former laboratory in 2012. This reform effected important administrative changes, including higher salary levels for researchers, and led to substantial staff recruitment, causing researcher numbers at IRED to double between 2011 and 2014.

Annuaire des agences ASTI - Tchad

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Tchad

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Tchad: ASTI–ITRAD Fiche d’information

L’engagement du gouvernement tchadien à financer la R&D est si ferme que le ratio d’intensité de la recherche du pays avoisine l’objectif fixé à 1 % recommandé par le NEPAD et les Nations Unies. Ce qui distingue le Tchad de la plupart des pays ouest-africains est le rôle négligeable des bailleurs de fonds dans le financement de la R&D agricole.

Auteurs: 
Gert-Jan Stads, Moundibaye Allarangaye et Léa Vicky Magne Domgho
Année: 
2014
Cover image: 
Publié par: 
Institut international de recherches sur les politiques et Institut tchadien de recherche agronomique pour le développement (ITRAD)
Autres langues - English: 
Publication Region: 
Countries: 
Language: 

Chad: ASTI–ITRAD Country Factsheet

ASTI publicaiton cover

Other languages:
Version française

Authors:
Gert-Jan Stads, Moundibaye Allarangaye, and Léa Vicky Magne Domgho

Year:
2014

Publisher
International Food Policy Research Institute and Chadian Institute of Agricultural Research for Development.

Publication category

Africa south of the Sahara

Related country page(s)
Chad

Chad’s government is highly committed to funding agricultural R&D, such that the country’s research intensity ratio is close to the 1-percent target recommended by NEPAD and the United Nations. Unlike most West and Central African countries, donor funding is negligible.

The number of researchers employed at ITRAD, the main agricultural research agency in the country, increased rapidly in recent years, although this growth was largely among researchers qualified to the MSc- and BS-degree levels.

The bulk of Chad’s PhD-qualified agricultural scientists are employed at the University of N’Djamena; they conduct very little research because most of their time is taken up with teaching.

Faculté des Sciences et Techniques - Département de Biologie (FST_DB)

Please note: this page contained older contact information for this agency. Please visit our new Agencies database

Institut Tchadien de Recherche Agronomique pour le Développement (ITRAD)

Please note: this page contained older contact information for this agency. Please visit our new Agencies database

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