During 2008–2012, Sudan’s total public agricultural R&D spending fell by 40 percent (in inflation-adjusted terms), largely driven by sharp declines at ARC and ARRC. In 2011 Sudan invested only 0.19 percent of its agricultural GDP in agricultural R&D, giving it one of the lowest agricultural research intensity ratios in Africa. Sudan’s key agricultural research challenges in the coming years will be its ability to produce high-quality research and averting the erosion of its agricultural research capacity, given that increasing numbers of experienced senior scientists who were train
Agricultural research and development (R&D) expenditures in Benin have gradually increased reflecting enhanced government funding and larger involvement in agricultural R&D by the higher education sector.Benin’s National Institute for Agricultural Research (INRAB) is the country’s main agricultural R&D agency. INRAB’s research capacity shows a decrease since 2000. The institute’s difficulty in maintaining qualified staff is directly related to the large gap with salaries offered by universities and international organizations.
In 2004, Burkina Faso’s agricultural research and development (R&D) expenditures plummeted following the conclusion of the World Bank loan funded second National Agricultural Services Development Project (PNDSA-II), leaving the country’s agricultural R&D in dire financial straits.Total agricultural research staff levels followed an upward course until 2004, after which time a slight decrease in numbers set in.