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ASTI DATA IN FOCUS
Panama

Data sources

Primary data were collected through two institutional survey rounds in 1997-1999 (jointly by IFPRI and ISNAR) and 2007-2009 (under the ASTI initiative). These data were combined with a few secondary sources for the pre-1996 period.

See also Stads, Hartwich, Rodríguez, and Enciso (2008). www.asti.cgiar.org/pdf/ASTICentralAmerica-En.pdf

Estimation procedures

  • For a number of agencies, research staff and expenditure data were missing for certain years. These have been interpolated or in a few cases extrapolated.
  • Expenditures for the higher-education agencies are estimates based on the average expenditures per researcher for the government agencies.

For general ASTI data procedures and methodology, please visit www.asti.cgiar.org/methodology.


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ASTI DATA IN FOCUS
Paraguay

Data sources

Primary data were collected through two institutional survey rounds in 1997-1999 (jointly by IFPRI and ISNAR) and 2007-2009 (under the ASTI initiative).

See also Stads and is Santander (2008). www.asti.cgiar.org/pdf/Paraguay_CB40_En.pdf

For additional secondary sources that were used to construct the pre-1996 data series, see data citations provided in Beintema, Zambrano, Nuñez, and Pardey (2000). www.ifpri.org/sites/default/files/publications/grp01_paraguay.pdf

Estimation procedures

  • For a number of agencies, research staff and expenditure data were missing for certain years. These have been interpolated or in a few cases extrapolated.
  • Expenditures for the higher-education agencies are estimates based on the average expenditures per researcher for the government agencies.

For general ASTI data procedures and methodology, please visit www.asti.cgiar.org/methodology.


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ASTI DATA IN FOCUS
Uruguay

Data sources

Primary data were collected through two institutional survey rounds in 1997-1999 (jointly by IFPRI and ISNAR) and 2007-2009 (under the ASTI initiative).

See also Stads, Cotro, and Allegri (2008). www.asti.cgiar.org/pdf/Uruguay-CB43.pdf

For additional secondary sources that were used to construct the pre-1996 data series, see data citations provided in Beintema, Hareau, Bianco, and Pardey (2000). www.ifpri.org/sites/default/files/publications/grp01_uruguay.pdf

Estimation procedures

  • For a number of agencies, research staff and expenditure data were missing for certain years. These have been interpolated or in a few cases extrapolated.
  • Expenditures for the higher-education agencies are estimates based on the average expenditures per researcher for the government agencies.

For general ASTI data procedures and methodology, please visit www.asti.cgiar.org/methodology.


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ASTI DATA IN FOCUS
Dominican Republic

Data sources

Primary data were collected through two institutional survey rounds in 1997-1999 (jointly by IFPRI and ISNAR) and 2007-2009 (under the ASTI initiative). These data were combined with a few secondary sources for the pre-1996 period.

See also Roseboom, Cremers, Lauckner (2001). www.ifpri.org/sites/default/files/pubs/isnararchive/publicat/pdf/rr-19.pdf

Estimation procedures

  • For a number of agencies, research staff and expenditure data were missing for certain years. These have been interpolated or in a few cases extrapolated.
  • Expenditures for the higher-education agencies are estimates based on the average expenditures per researcher for the government agencies.

For general ASTI data procedures and methodology, please visit www.asti.cgiar.org/methodology.


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ASTI DATA IN FOCUS
El Salvador

Data sources

Primary data were collected through two institutional survey rounds in 1997-1999 (jointly by IFPRI and ISNAR) and 2007-2009 (under the ASTI initiative). These data were combined with a few secondary sources for the pre-1996 period.

See also Stads, Hartwich, Rodríguez, and Enciso (2008). www.asti.cgiar.org/pdf/ASTICentralAmerica-En.pdf

Estimation procedures

  • For a number of agencies, research staff and expenditure data were missing for certain years. These have been interpolated or in a few cases extrapolated.
  • Expenditures for the higher-education agencies are estimates based on the average expenditures per researcher for the government agencies.

For general ASTI data procedures and methodology, please visit www.asti.cgiar.org/methodology.


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ASTI DATA IN FOCUS
Costa Rica

Data sources

Primary data were collected through two institutional survey rounds in 1997-1999 (jointly by IFPRI and ISNAR) and 2007-2009 (under the ASTI initiative). These data were combined with a few secondary sources for the pre-1996 period.

See also Stads, Hartwich, Rodríguez, and Enciso (2008). www.asti.cgiar.org/pdf/ASTICentralAmerica-En.pdf

Estimation procedures

  • For a number of agencies, research staff and expenditure data were missing for certain years. These have been interpolated or in a few cases extrapolated.
  • Expenditures for the higher-education agencies are estimates based on the average expenditures per researcher for the government agencies.

For general ASTI data procedures and methodology, please visit www.asti.cgiar.org/methodology.


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ASTI DATA IN FOCUS
Colombia

Data sources

Primary data were collected through two institutional survey rounds in 1997-1999 (jointly by IFPRI and ISNAR) and 2007-2009 (under the ASTI initiative).

See also Stads and Romano (2008). www.asti.cgiar.org/pdf/Colombia_CB39.pdf

For additional secondary sources that were used to construct the pre-1996 data series, see data citations provided in Beintema, Romano, and Pardey (2000). www.ifpri.org/sites/default/files/publications/grp01_colombia.pdf

Estimation procedures

  • For a number of agencies, research staff and expenditure data were missing for certain years. These have been interpolated or in a few cases extrapolated.
  • Expenditures for the higher-education agencies are estimates based on the average expenditures per researcher for the government agencies.

For general ASTI data procedures and methodology, please visit www.asti.cgiar.org/methodology.


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ASTI DATA IN FOCUS
Brazil

Data sources

Primary data were collected through three institutional survey rounds in 1985 (under ISNAR's "Indicators Series Project"), in 1997-1999 (jointly by IFPRI and ISNAR), and 2007-2009 (under the ASTI initiative). These data were combined with data provided by the Brazilian Agricultural Research Corporation (Embrapa) and the São Paulo Agency for Agribusiness Technology (APTA).

See also Beintema, Avila, and Fachini (2010). www.asti.cgiar.org/pdf/Brazil-Note.pdf

For additional secondary sources that were used to construct the pre-1996 data series, see data citations provided in Beintema, Avila, and Pardey (2001). www.ifpri.org/sites/default/files/publications/grp01_brazil.pdf

Estimation procedures

  • For a number of agencies, research staff and expenditure data were missing for certain years. These have been interpolated or in a few cases extrapolated.
  • Expenditures for the higher-education agencies are estimates based on the average expenditures per researcher for the government agencies.

For general ASTI data procedures and methodology, please visit www.asti.cgiar.org/methodology.


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ASTI DATA IN FOCUS
Chile

Data sources

Primary data were collected through two institutional survey rounds in 1997-1999 (jointly by IFPRI and ISNAR), and 2007-2009 (under the ASTI initiative). These data were combined with data from a number of agency websites.

See also Stads and Covarrubias Zúñiga (2008). www.asti.cgiar.org/pdf/Argentina-CB44.pdf

For additional secondary sources that were used to construct the pre-1996 data series, see data citations provided in Castelo Magalhães, Beintema, and Martinez (2002).

Estimation procedures

  • For a number of agencies, research staff and expenditure data were missing for certain years. These have been interpolated or in a few cases extrapolated.
  • Expenditures for the higher-education agencies are estimates based on the average expenditures per researcher for the government agencies.

For general ASTI data procedures and methodology, please visit www.asti.cgiar.org/methodology.


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ASTI DATA IN FOCUS
Belize

Data sources

Primary data were collected through three institutional survey rounds in 1985 (under ISNAR's "Indicators Series Project"), in 1997-1999 (jointly by IFPRI and ISNAR), and 2007-2009 (under the ASTI initiative). These data were combined with a few secondary sources for the pre-1996 period.

See also Stads, Hartwich, Rodríguez, and Enciso (2008). www.asti.cgiar.org/pdf/ASTICentralAmerica-En.pdf

Estimation procedures

  • For a number of agencies, research staff and expenditure data were missing for certain years. These have been interpolated or in a few cases extrapolated.
  • Expenditures for the higher-education agencies are estimates based on the average expenditures per researcher for the government agencies.

For general ASTI data procedures and methodology, please visit www.asti.cgiar.org/methodology.


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